Alstroemeria, commoly called the Peruvian Lily or Lily of the Incas or Parrot Lily is a South American genus of about 50 species of flowering plants, mainly from the cool, mountainous regions of the Andes. Alstroemeria flower is symbolic of wealth, prosperity and fortune. It is also the flower of friendship.
Alstroemeria: How to Grow
- Plant in full sun, in well-drained soil.
- Add a light application of organic fertilizer to the planting hole.
- Place the plant no deeper than they were in the container.
- Mulch around, but NOT on top of the plant, with 3 inches of organic compost at initial planting and in early spring.
- Water well until soil is completely moist.
- Cut off old flower stems (dead-head).
- Water well weekly until soil is completely moist, especially in hot summers to keep roots cool and to promote flowers.
Alstroemeria: About the Flower and Plant
Alstroemeria is more like grass where the veins go up the leaves but none branching across. This can be seen in grasses, Irises and Lilies. Alstroemeria leaves are upside down. The leaf twists as it leaves the stem, so the bottom is facing upwards. If you look at an Alstroemeria stem you can sometimes see a spiral growth pattern on the stem. This is due to the production of new cells in a spiral sequence and this is the cause of the head moving the way it does. If the soil temperature rises too high, above about 22 degrees Celsius, the plant puts its effort into producing more large tuberous roots at the expense of flowering shoots. With some varieties this can lead to production of exclusively blind non-flowering stems and no flowers. Alstroemeria is a slightly zygomorphic (bilaterally symmetrical) flower with 3 sepals and generally 3 striped petals. The sepals and petals on the flower are similar in color and texture (there are no solid green sepals). With 6 stamens and an undivided style, the ovary on the Alstroemeria is inferior, with 3 carpels. Alstroemeria feature a monocromatic plan of having floral parts in threes.
Interesting Facts About Alstroemeria
- Alstroemeria bloom during late spring or early summer
- Alstroemeria colors are orange, pink, rose, purple, red, yellow, white, burgandy, or salmon in varing shades
- Alstroemeria is named after the Swedish botanist Klas von Alstroemer, who is a pupil of the great botanical classifier Linnaeus.
- The genus Alstroemeria consists of about 50 species
- Most modern hybrid Alstroemeria plants are propagated in a laboratory.
- Many hybrids and about 190 cultivars have been developed, with different markings and colors.
- Alstroemeria flower has no fragrance.
- Alstroemeria flower has a vase life of 2 weeks or more.
- Not all Alstroemeria have striped petals.
- Alstroemeria stop flowering if they get too hot.
(article taken from Wikipekia)